Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering

Paper Detail

Influence of Travelers’ Attitudes, Status and Auto Consciousness on Car Use Reduction Measures

Volume 11, No. 2, 2017
Received: 2017/03/06, Accepted:


Muhammad Ashraf Javid;


The rapid increase in private vehicle ownership and usage results in traffic congestions on road networks and increases social costs. Reducing traffic congestions by introducing demand management strategies should be part of transportation policies in the developing world. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate the influence of people’s attitudes and lifestyles on intentions to reduce use of private vehicles. A questionnaire was designed which included respondents’ socio-economic characteristics, statements on attitudes, lifestyles and intentions to reduce the use of private vehicles. This questionnaire survey was conducted in Lahore city with the help of university students and a total of 338 usable samples were obtained. Structural equation modeling technique was used to analyze the data. The analysis results revealed that people’s transit-oriented attitudes, status and auto consciousness are underlying factors for the reduction of car use in Lahore city. These significant variables need to be considered in policy making regarding improvement of public transport and implementation of car use reduction policies in Lahore.


Travel behavior, Attitudes, Lifestyles, Public transport, Private car, Lahore