Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering

Paper Detail

Coupled Effect of High Temperature and Heating Time on the Residual Strength of Normal and High-Strength Concretes

Volume 3, No. 4, 2009
Received: 2009/08/30, Accepted:


B. Toumi; M. Resheidat; Z. Guemmadi; H. Chabil;


This paper is part of a present research that leads to estimate the level of concrete degradation properties altered by high temperatures, especially by using the maturity concept. In order to evaluate the coupled effect of high temperature and heating time on the residual strength of concrete, a series of compressive and indirect tensile tests was performed on normal and high strength concretes. The effect of incorporating polypropylene fibers in high strength concretes was also investigated. Cubical concrete specimens were exposed to different target high temperatures (100, 300, 500 and 700 ºC) for 3, 6 and 9 hours and then cooled in air. Compressive and flexural strengths of these concrete samples were compared with each other and with the unheated samples. Experimental results indicate that concrete strength decreases with increasing temperature and heating time. The grade of concrete affects the residual compressive and flexural strength; the decrease in the strength of ordinary concrete is more than that in High Performance Concrete (HPC), the effect being more pronounced as the heating time increases. Polypropylene fibers were found to have a beneficial effect on residual strength of HPC at least at high temperatures over their melting and vaporization.


HPC, Effect of heat, Concrete strength, Temperature, Fibers, Fire.