Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering

Paper Detail

Risk Analysis and Waste Management for Construction and Demolition Projects in the Gaza Strip

Volume 16, No. 3, 2022
Received: 2021/11/17, Accepted: 2022/04/02


Khalid A. Al Hallaq; Rami J. A. Hamad; Bassam A Tayeh; Salwa S. Nassar;


The demolition industry poses many risks and dangers to people and the environment. Thus, safety in demolition works has become a matter of concern and a real challenge for urban developers and environmentalists. This study aims to enhance the ways of assessing the risks associated with demolition works in the Gaza Strip and to identify the best ways to manage construction and demolition waste. A field questionnaire survey was used for collecting data from people experienced in demolition contracting in the Gaza Strip. To get in-depth information about the actual demolition operations and related risks and to test the results of the quantitative approach, two demolition projects were investigated as case studies. Results showed that most of the demolition works in the Gaza Strip are small- to medium-sized projects. Owing to a large population and overcrowding in housing, the most used demolition techniques are demolition by hand or by cranes with long arms. The top-ranked causes of accidents at demolition sites are related to workers’ attitudes and experiences. The study revealed that the lack of safety knowledge and awareness is the major barrier to implementing an effective environmental management plan for demolition projects in the Gaza Strip. Further, the lack of governmental provisions and specifications to control the recycling process is considered the main obstacle to demolition recycling in the territory.


Demolition Projects, Risk Assessment, Waste Management, Gaza