Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering

Influence of Silica Fume, Fly Ash, Super Pozz and High Slag Cement on Water Permeability and Strength of Concrete


A. A. Elsayed;


In this study, effects of mineral admixtures on water permeability and compressive strength of concretes containing silica fume (SF), fly ash (FA) and super pozz (SP) were experimentally investigated. Permeability of concrete was determined through DIN 1048 (Part 5). The research variables included cement type, ordinary Portland cement (OPC) or high slag cement (HSC), and mineral admixtures content was used as a partial cement replacement. They were incorporated into concrete at the levels of 5%, 10% and 15% for silica fume and 10%, 20% and 30% for fly ash or super pozz by weight of cement. Water-cement ratio of 0.40 was used and tests were carried out at 28 days. From the tests, the lowest measured water permeability values were for the 10% super pozz and 10% silica fume or 20% fly ash mixes. The highest compressive strength of concretes determined was for 10% silica fume mix with ordinary Portland cement and was reduced with the increase in the replacement ratios for other mineral admixtures than ordinary Portland cement concrete. The main objective of this research was to determine the water permeability and compressive strength of concrete containing silica fume, fly ash, super pozz and high slag cement to achieve the best concrete mixture having lowest permeability. The results were compared to those of the control concrete; ordinary Portland cement concrete without admixtures. The optimum cement replacement by FA, SP and SF in this experiment was 10% SP. The knowledge on the strength and permeability of concrete containing silica fume, fly ash, super pozz and high slag cement could be beneficial in the utilization of these waste materials in concrete work, especially on the topic of durability.


Permeability, Strength of concrete, Silica fume (SF), Fly ash (FA), Super pozz (SP), high slag cement (HSC)