Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering

Strength and Hydraulic Conductivity Characteristics of Sand - Bentonite Mixtures Designed As a Landfill Liner


Oluwapelumi Ojuri; Opeyemi Oluwatuyi;


Compacted sandy soils with addition of bentonite have been used in a variety of geotechnical structures as engineered barriers, such as in landfill liners and hydraulic containment structures. In this study, Igbokoda sand was mixed with bentonite at varying percentages of 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% by weight of sand. Strength tests, which include compaction test, California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test and direct shear test, were performed on various sand-bentonite mixtures using standard methods. Hydraulic conductivity tests were also performed on various sand-bentonite mixtures in order to determine their suitability as landfill liner. Results from the tests showed that 8% of bentonite with sand mixture had a hydraulic conductivity below 1×10-7 cm/s, a cohesion value of 250 kN/m3 and a reasonable strength (CBR) value of 54.07% using the West Africa standard compactive method, hence being the safest of the selected varying percentages for the design of a landfill liner.


Bentonite, California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Compacted landfill liner, Hydraulic conductivity, Igbokoda sand