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Investigating Synergistically Modified Wheat Straw Residual Filler-based Biocomposite Tiles

Submitted2021-03-22
Last Update2022-03-24
TitleInvestigating Synergistically Modified Wheat Straw Residual Filler-based Biocomposite Tiles
Author(s)Author #1
Author title:Assistant Professor
Name: Firoz Alam Faroque
Org: Manipal University Jaipur
Country: India
Email: firozalam.faroque@jaipur.manipal.edu

Author #2
Author title:Professor
Name: Sanchita Bandyopadhyay-Ghosh
Org: Manipal University Jaipur
Country: India
Email: sanchitab.ghosh@jaipur.manipal.edu

Other Author(s)We have total four authors- Author 3)Saanil Kakati Undergraduate Student Manipal University Jaipur India Author 4)Subrata Bandhu Ghosh Professor Manipal University Jaipur India
Contact AuthorAuthor #2
Alt Email: sanchita.bandyo@gmail.com
Telephone: +91-7908143438
Keywordsbiocomposite, wheat straw, alkali treatment, silane coupling agent, epoxy resin, waste filler.
AbstractTiles are generally manufactured using ceramic materials or concrete. An attempt has been made here to manufacture tiles using thermoset polymer epoxy resin as matrix and waste wheat straw residue as fillers. Wheat straw residual filler was efficiently incorporated within epoxy resin matrix to fabricate a range of biocomposites tiles. Two different loading levels of fillers were subjected to either alkali (NaOH) treatment or a combination of silane and alkali treatment. These biocomposite tiles were investigated for microstructural changes and various mechanical, physical, and thermal properties. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy studies indicated strong interactions of the functional groups of epoxy resin and wheat straw fillers. Fractured biocomposite samples observed under Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) further suggested better bonding between filler and matrix. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed enhanced thermal stability upon dual treatment. Substantial improvement in water resistance, flexural strength, and flexural modulus of biocomposite samples also could be achieved upon dual treatment.
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