JJCE Submission Home

Study Of Soil Compaction Using X-ray Computed Tomography

Last Update2008-08-31
TitleStudy Of Soil Compaction Using X-ray Computed Tomography
Author(s)Author #1
Author title:
Name: O. Al-Hattamleh
Org: Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
Country: Jordan

Author #2
Author title:
Name: M. R. Razavi
Org: Assistant Professor, Department of Mineral Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, NM 87801
Country: 0

Author #3
Author title:
Name: B. Muhunthan
Org: Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2910
Country: United

Other Author(s)
Contact AuthorAuthor #1
Alt Email:
KeywordsComputed tomography, Compaction, Dry density, Moisture content, CT numbers, X-ray.
AbstractThe maximum dry density and optimum moisture content obtained from the laboratory compaction curve have been used customarily to characterize the field behavior of compacted soils. It is well known, however, that the microstructure of compacted soils is dependent on the method of compaction. The structure has an important influence on the engineering behavior of compacted soils. Therefore, in order to provide a better description of compacted soils, methods that can quantify the changes in microstructure are needed. In this study, compacted specimens at various densities and water content were scanned using X-ray Computed Tomography (CT). It has been found that there is direct correspondence between the CT numbers, soil dry density and moisture content. The scanning observations showed also the development of shear planes parallel to the surface of the compacted soil, and changes in structure of the soil towards a more uniform arrangement around the point of optimum moisture content. Compaction of the soil beyond the optimum moisture content appears to disperse soil particles with an overall uniform structure.
Paperview paper 48.pdf (427KB)